The purpose of this toolkit is to develop capacities of local governments and their communities to ensure a strong MDGs focus in their local development strategies and effective and efficient conversion of public funds into public benefits. The toolkit draws on the ample evidence of creative local strategies for achieving the MDGs across the globe. The toolkit argues that the circumstances under which the MDGs must be implemented differ not only from region to region, and country to country, but also within each country. Therefore there can be no blueprint but rather a flexible approach that reflects local realities and goals and associated capacity development challenges. The toolkit does not provide a rigid set of rules, but rather aims at providing background context, general guidance on how to prepare MDG-based local development strategies, along with more practical advice and case studies of what works.