Europeanization and Multilevel Governance: Trying to Make Sense of International Activities of European Local Governments

This paper analyzes the links among Europeanization, multilevel governance, and international activities of local governments. To do so, a revision of the literature on these three areas is provided, with a special emphasis on the effects that the Europeanization process (hierarchical and horizontal) and multilevel governance (type I and type II) have had over the internationalization of local governments. Thus, local governments’ international activities have evolved and adapted to a complex system of governance. Furthermore, the paper offers a reflection on current trends such as European Union (EU) and national programmes aimed at fostering International initiatives of local governments, and the impact of the economic crisis on these activities.